Greece a Leader of Southern European Nations in Eurozone Development


Source: Greek City Times by CHARLIE KOWALENKO (Source: New York Times and



In a remarkable development, GreeceSpain, and Portugal have emerged as the leaders of economic development within the Eurozone, outpacing traditional powerhouses such as Germany. These southern nations, once on the brink of breaking up the euro currency bloc during the 2012 financial crisis, are now experiencing growth rates more than twice the Eurozone average.

The resurgence of these countries is not only bolstering the economic health of the region but also preventing the Eurozone from slipping into further decline. After years of grappling with deep national recessions and hefty international bailouts accompanied by stringent austerity measures, Greece, Spain, and Portugal have undertaken significant reforms to attract investors, stimulate growth, and tackle unemployment.

In contrast, Germany, Europe’s largest economy, finds itself struggling to recover from a slump triggered by surging energy prices following Russia‘s incursion into Ukraine. Recent data from the European Union’s statistics agency, Eurostat, revealed that while the Eurozone’s economic output grew by a modest 0.3 percent in the first quarter of the year, Germany barely avoided recession with 0.2 percent growth.

The transformation of the Southern European economies has been attributed to a combination of factors, including slashing red tape, reducing corporate taxes, and implementing reforms in labour markets to enhance flexibility. Additionally, these countries have focused on bolstering their service sectors, particularly tourism, which has seen record revenues following the lifting of COVID-19 restrictions.

Portugal’s growth, driven by construction and hospitality, expanded by 1.4 percent in the first quarter of the year compared to the same period last year, while Spain’s economy surged by an even more impressive 2.4 percent. Italy, long regarded as an economic burden, has shown signs of improvement, matching the Eurozone’s overall growth rate through increased exports and foreign investment.

Conversely, Germany’s economic woes have been exacerbated by structural issues such as an aging workforce, high energy prices and taxes, and bureaucratic hurdles. The country’s export-oriented model has also suffered due to disruptions in global trade caused by geopolitical tensions.

While France and the Netherlands, other major Eurozone economies, face their own challenges, the collective sluggishness of Germany, France, and the Netherlands continues to restrain overall growth in the region.

Despite the current momentum, questions remain about the sustainability of southern Europe’s economic revival. High debt levels and lingering unemployment pose ongoing challenges, underscoring the need for continued reforms to enhance competitiveness and productivity.

Nevertheless, with investments from the European Union‘s recovery funds and a focus on digitalisation and renewable energy, the southern European nations aim to solidify their economic gains and position themselves as formidable players within the Eurozone.




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